The Case of "Hiro": Treating Tourette Syndrome by Comprehensive Behavioral Intervention for Tics (CBIT)
Keywords:Tourette Syndrome, Tics Disorders, Comprehensive Behavioral Intervention for Tics (CBIT), Habit Reversal Training (HRT), cognitive-behavioral training (CBT), Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), manualized therapy, individualized case formulat
AbstractCognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) with Comprehensive Behavioral Intervention for Tics (CBIT) is an efficacious treatment for Tourette Syndrome (TS), with a manualized version available for guiding practitioners through treatment. However, CBIT is still a fairly new treatment for TS and rigorous training in its application is sparse. Additionally, potential treatment considerations are not thoroughly described in the manual. This dissertation presents a systematic case study that specifically analyzes the use of the manual with 10-year-old "Hiro," a South Asian Indian boy with TS who also had attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), which is a confounding factor in the treatment of TS. To do this meant applying flexibility and an "hypothesizing-then-testing" mentality. The creation of an individualized case formulation and an associated treatment plan for Hiro were very valuable components in his treatment. The case study chronicles Hiro's successful treatment and explores how and when adherence to the manual was effective as well as how and when greater flexibility was required. Furthermore, the case study explores factors in the clinician/client relationship and how that relationship can prove a powerful tool in treatment. Options for how to maintain treatment goals after termination are also examined.
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